L2TP from Customers to AAISP
This is used to connect in to AAISP over a third-party internet connection. This gives you your usual AAISP IP (4 and 6) blocks and access to the internet as if you were conencted via a normal DSL circuit.
- Hostname: l2tp.aa.net.uk
- Plain L2TP without any IPsec
- MSCHAPv2 authentication
Some Notes from customers setting up L2TP IN to AAISP:
FireBrick FB2500/2700 Fully Loaded
The FireBrick can connect as an L2TP client for fallback and for its main connection. One thing to watch out for is making sure that the FB doesn't set its own gateway to be the tunnel (which would logically send tunnel packets up the tunnel, which is horrid). You can get around this by using separate routing tables.
This example is for L2TP being the main connection:
<interface name="WAN" port="WAN1" table="1" comment="DHCP client">
<l2tp> <outgoing name="AAISP" ip="22.214.171.124" graph="AAISP" table="1" payload-table="0" username="example@a" password="secret" tcp-mss-fix="true" comment="L2TP tunnel to AAISP"/> </l2tp>
You can set to fall back to NAT if the tunnel is down. Traffic on routing table 0 won't have a default gateway if the L2TP is down, so will match this rule set that has target interface "nowhere":
<rule-set name="Fallback" target-interface="nowhere" no-match-action="continue" comment="NAT fallback if can't establish L2TP"> <rule name="NAT" set-nat="true" set-table="1" action="accept"/> </rule-set>
If the L2TP is being used for fallback, you are probably better off setting the routing table for the L2TP to something other than 0. Remember firewall rules only apply to single routing tables.
Connecting to L2TP with a RouterBoard was pretty seamless - put in the L2TP server IP, username and password and it just connects. Have to mess about with IP / Route and NAT / masquerading a bit to get devices behind the RouterBoard online but that all depends on whether you have an additional IP block and what you want to do with it anyway.
An Apple computer can be used to create an L2TP connection in to AAISP, here's how:
- Apple Menu - Settings - Network
- Click the + Icon
- Create a new VPN Interface with Type L2TP over IPSec
- In the Authentication settings set the Password
- For ease of use Tick 'Show VPN status in menu bar
- Optionally, in the Advanced Settings Tick, 'Send all Traffic over VPN connection'
- Then Connect
- To Disconnect, click Disconnect
You can use the new icon in the Status bar (Up by the clock, to connect and disconnect the connection
VPN Connection - IPsec Error
Use this at your own risk. The notes below involves editing/creating system files, and whilst 'worked for us' may not work for you.
By default, OSX requires the L2TP connection to use IPSec encryption. At the moment the AAISP service is just plain L2TP and does not offer encryption.
To enable OSX to connect without IPSec, then the /etc/ppp/options file needs to be edited. A simple way of doing this is as follows:
- Use the Search icon to search for Terminal
and then enter in:
echo "plugin L2TP.ppp" > options echo "l2tpnoipsec" >> options sudo mv options /etc/ppp
If the mv (move) fails, then you may already have a /etc/ppp/options file, in this case it would need to be edited manually.
To undo this change delete the /etc/ppp/options file.
Connecting with Windoze 7 was almost as easy except that the default connection settings don't work. You have to edit the connection properties and on the Security tab change 'Type of VPN:' to 'Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol with IPsec (L2TP/IPSec)' otherwise it only tries PPTP, and change 'Data encryption:' to 'Optional encryption (connect even if no encryption)' as it doesn't like A+A's certificate (because RevK declines to use a root certification authority recognised by Microsoft, or is it that Microsoft declines to recognise the root certification authority chosen by RevK). I guess the alternative would probably be to add the root certificate to the machine in question. Anyway, with those two changes it works fine.
Watch out if you are using IPv6. It seems that Win7 negotiates a non-routable IPv6 address with the LNS. You have to discard this address and manually configure one of your routed IPv6 addresses. ipconfig /release6 is your friend here.
Cisco routers running IOS 12.3(2)T and later support L2TP client initiated tunneling which allows the router to establish an L2TP tunnel to A&A's L2TP server.
Most of the information required was gleaned from here:  plus a bit of trial and error and some packet capturing of good and bad L2TP sessions.
I have tested this on a Cisco 837 router running 12.3(11)YZ2, a 2821 running 12.4(15)T10 SPServices and a 2801 running 12.4(24)T3 ADVIPServices
- You will need to sanity check routing in your particular environment. This is especially important if you choose to use ppp ipcp route default on the l2tp tunnel. It's safest to make sure that you have a static route set to the L2TP server.
- I haven't tested this for IPV6 yet.
- This is "early release" information - I haven't yet used this in anger over a long period of time but will try to remember to come back and update if I find any major issues.
- This config snippet contains no security settings - be sure to configure some!
- I've used the IP address of the L2TP server rather than the DNS address - this is obviously at risk of change .
- You need to be running IP CEF on the router
Replace <whatever> with the appropriate information for your connection
ip cef l2tp-class lc-aaisp pseudowire-class pc-aaisp encapsulation l2tpv2 protocol l2tpv2 lc-aaisp ip local interface <interface that l2tp connection should go out from> interface Virtual-PPP9797 shutdown ip address negotiated no cdp enable ppp authentication chap callin ppp chap hostname <l2tp line login eg email@example.com> ppp chap password 0 <site password> ppp direction callout ppp pap refuse pseudowire 126.96.36.199 10 pw-class pc-aaisp
Once the interface is configured you can issue a no shut on it to bring it up.
debug ppp authentication and debug ppp negotiation are your friends... In particular if you see "Circuit ID not set - contact support" in the authentication debug, contact A&A support to get them to fix your L2TP login.
Once the connection is up, you should see the virtual PPP interface configured with the static IP that is assigned to it in clueless.
If you get stuck, pop into the IRC channel and see if I'm around (basil_uk) and I'll help if possible.
I'll give details about doing things without LuCI - if you want to do it through the web UI, it should be obvious from the text config what you need to twiddle.
Tested with the following package versions -
kmod-l2tp - 3.18.10-1 kmod-l2tp-eth - 3.18.10-1 kmod-l2tp-ip - 3.18.10-1 kmod-pppol2tp - 3.18.10-1 ppp-mod-pppol2tp - 2.4.7-5 xl2tpd - 1.3.6-5619e1771048e74b729804e8602f409af0f3faea luci-proto-ipv6 - git-15.090.50849-576e235-1 luci-proto-ppp - git-15.090.50849-576e235-1
You'll first need to create a static route for
l2tp.aa.net.uk via your bulk interface (usually
config route option interface 'wan' option target '188.8.131.52'
Then add the tunnel to
/etc/config/network - note that even though we enable it, the interface won't get an IPv6 address. Fear not, we can fix that in a minute.
config interface 'aaisp' option proto 'l2tp' option server 'l2tp.aa.net.uk' option username 'yourusername@a' option password 'YOURPASSWORD' option ipv6 '1' option peerdns '0' option metric '50'
Next let's configure DHCPv6 over the tunnel interface since PPP IPV6CP doesn't seem to work properly. Again in
/etc/config/network - edit to taste if you don't want to gobble up your entire /48. Though this shows as a separate interface in OpenWRT-land, they'll both assign addresses to the same underlying interface, 'l2tp-aaisp'.
config interface 'aaisp6' option proto 'dhcpv6' option reqprefix '48' option peerdns '0' option _orig_ifname 'aaisp' option _orig_bridge 'false' option ifname 'l2tp-aaisp' option reqaddress 'force'
Now we have -
- All IPv4 traffic going out of our bulk WAN interface (metric 0)
- The L2TP tunnel has its default gateway set, but unused (metric 50)
- All IPv6 traffic going out of the tunnel (haven't tested what would happen if your bulk interface was also IPv6 capable)
- DNS unchanged from original setup (I use dnscrypt-proxy and some REDIRECT iptables plumbing to secure DNS query traffic)
- iptables PREROUTING rules to mark traffic that should egress via the tunnel
- iproute2 magic to route the marked traffic properly
- a painful sense of irony that we're dodging nasty shaping and filtering on our bulk interface only to do it ourselves
- a really sweet hat
Prod me (
daveio) on IRC if you have trouble, I'll try to assist if I'm around.
Linux / xl2tpd
- Ensure the following kernel options are set or the corresponding modules are available:
- Install xl2tpd and pppd on your Linux router.
/etc/xl2tpd/xl2tpd.confto contain the following:
lns = l2tp.aaisp.net.uk
require authentication = no
pppoptfile = /etc/ppp/options.aaisp
/etc/ppp/options.aaispcontaining the following (obviously change the name and password to match your L2TP login details):
- Create the xl2tpd control file:
mkdir -p /var/run/xl2tpd
- Start the xl2tpd service (for systemd, use service command for older RC systems):
systemctl start xl2tpd
- Tell the daemon to connect to aaisp:
echo "c aaisp" > /var/run/xl2tpd/l2tp-control
This should give you a new PPP device which encapsulates the L2TP connection.
The TL-WR741ND router works, although it can only do NAT, but is very cheap.
Creating a L2TP connection from a FireBrick to AAISP)
Creating a L2TP connection from Apple OSX to AAISP
Creating a L2TP connection from Windows to AAISP
Creating a L2TP connection from Linux to AAISP
Creating a L2TP connection from Routerboard to AAISP
Creating a L2TP connection from OpenWRT to AAISP
Pages in category "Incoming L2TP"
The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total.